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Timeline 1942-1973
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1969
The 1970's
The 1960's (Pictured: Pat Waters) 1969 1970 1968

Department of Labor announces "Philadelphia Plan," June 27, requiring federal building contractors in Philadelphia to meet specific "goals" for hiring minority workers.

Nixon issues Executive Order 11478, August 8, requiring all federal agencies to adopt "affirmative programs for equal employment opportunity."

In Alexander v. Holmes County Board of Education, decided 8ııı0 on October 29, the Supreme Court declares the "all deliberate speed" standard is no longer constitutionally permissible and orders the immediate desegregation of 33 Mississippi school districts.

Nomination of Clement Haynsworth to the Supreme Court is rejected by the Senate on November 21 after it is opposed by civil rights groups.

Susan Brownmiller profiles Shirley Chisolm, first African-American woman member of Congress, in the New York Times Magazine [Susan Brownmiller, "This Is Fighting Shirley Chisolm," New York Times Magazine, April 13, 1969]. Charlotta Bass, longtime publisher of the California Eagle, dies in Los Angeles.